Cleft Lip & Palate Surgery
The cleft lip is known as a common birth defect. This circumstance happens when the lip tissue of the baby doesn’t combine incompletely before birth. This is due to occur the openness of the upper lip. This openness can change from a little notch to wide openness. Almost 4440 babies are born with cleft lips problems according to a report by CDC.
Some children whose lip is cleft can have got a cleft palate. When the palate doesn’t combine completely, the cleft palate occurs. Searches show that children who have got cleft palate are generally operated on when they are one year old. Surgeons can use different methods to solve this problem.
Cleft Lip & Palate Surgery is operated on children who have got this problem. The child can be healthy again after the operation. These surgeries are operated on by a plastic surgeon.
What is Cleft Lip & Palate Problem?
Cleft Lip & Palate problem is described as a congenital anomaly. Cleft lip occurs when the lip and face tissues don’t combine. The cleft lip which is one of the most common anomalies can come out because of genetic reasons. Even though parents are upset, they shouldn’t forget that it is treatable.
The cleft lip is broken apart into three: microform cleft, incomplete and complete. The cleft palate is broken apart into four: complete, incomplete, parted cleft, and submucous cleft. Different treatment methods can be used for each disease.
Cleft lip & palate surgery is operated on by specialists and experienced plastic surgeons. Cleft lip & palate surgery is easier than other surgeries. However, these surgeries can’t be operated on children unreached a certain age. It is known that the ideal age is 3 for cleft lips surgery, and the ideal age is 1 for cleft palate surgery.
Which Department is Interested in Cleft Lip & Palate?
Parents whose children have got cleft lip and palate are curious about the department to which they should go. A lot of babies can come across this problem. If your baby has got a problem like this, you should go to the department of plastic surgery.
You can go to the hospital with your baby, made your baby examine, and give information to your doctor. Please don’t forget that you should enter the MHRS system or call ALO 182 to get the appointment before you go to the hospital. The plastic surgeon will diagnose and give to you information about treatment methods.
If the specialist doctor decides the cleft lip & palate surgery, s/he operated on your child on certain days. However, s/he wants to wait for the child to reach a certain age.
How is Operated Cleft Lip & Palate Surgery?
The patient is general anesthetized before cleft lip and palate surgery. Skin, muscle, and lip mucosa are mended and closed as three layers successfully. If there are spaces inside the lip toward to nose, then they are closed. The openness in the nostril sill is closed, too. The clefts in some parts such as teeth and gingiva can be mended.
Sutures can disappear by themselves. So, sutures aren’t taken. Lip is closed with special bants and dressed. Creating complication probability is really low in this surgery.
Cleft Lip & Palate Surgery with Microsurgery
Cleft lip and palate surgery aren’t operated on by using the microsurgery method. Mend and closing is operated on successfully with the method which is used during this surgery. The patient gets off the cleft lip and palate.
The patient doesn’t feel any ache or pain during the surgery because general anesthesia is given. The healthy tissues which out of the target tissues don’t damage because the instruments are produced expediently. The duration of surgery can take 3 hours according to the difficulty of the surgery.
Healing in the lip and palate will be shown and the scar of the surgery disappears after surgery. Parents change the lifestyle of the child for a while by paying attention to the advice of the doctor.
What are the Benefits of Cleft Lip & Palate Surgery?
Cleft Lip & Palate is operated on the instruments which are produced expediently and especially. So, there are a lot of benefits of this surgery for the patient and the health team. These benefits are below:
There is an aesthetical appearance after surgery.
The patient doesn’t feel any ache or pain because of anesthesia.
The quickness of coming back to normal life is pretty high.
The duration of the staying in the hospital is short.
Creating complication probability is low.
The duration of the surgery is pretty short.
The psychological problems of the children are forestalled because the surgery is operated on at an early age.
It is the most effective and certain method.
All of the scars will disappear.
Both the parents and patients leave the hospital because of these benefits happily. But these benefits can change according to the treatment.
The Process after Cleft Lip & Palate Surgery
The patient is carried to the room and made rest 1-2 days after cleft lip and palate surgery. Then the patient comes out of the hospital. If it is necessary, the patient is fed with liquid food between 2-and 6 weeks.
The patient can heal exactly at the end of the 6 weeks. The medicines that are given by doctors are used regularly during this period and the patient must go to the doctor at certain intervals. If the patient is a child, the parents must be careful about these situations and don’t forget the medicines.
The specialist doctor will share all situations which must be careful with parents and answer all questions. Being careful and paying attention to the advice make the duration of the surgery short.