A spiral or other intrauterine device (IUD) is preferred as a method of birth control by women who do not want to get pregnant. In this way, even if sexual intercourse occurs, it is prevented from getting pregnant the next day without the use of pills or condoms. Thanks to the success rate, spiral (intrauterine device) insertion and removal operation is widely performed both in Turkey and throughout the world. It is also preferred because it is economical, easy to apply and has an immediate effect.
Spiral insertion process is also used in the treatment of a number of gynecological ailments due to the development of hormonal spirals, as well as its application as a method of contraception. The methods of its application, regardless of the purpose, are similar. You should contact your obstetrics and gynecology specialist to find out if you are suitable for a spiral (intrauterine device) insertion and removal operation, so that it is possible to get the final information.
What is a Spiral (Intrauterine Device)?
The spiral (intrauterine device) is inserted into the uterus to protect it from pregnancy. In general, it is similar to the letter T in shape. There are basically two versions. The first is the copper-containing spiral, and the protection period is 10 years, and the second is the hormone-containing spiral, and it can continue its protective function for 5 years. Thanks to the spiral, even if the egg is fertilized, the wall structure of the inside of the uterus deteriorates, and thus the fertilized egg cannot hold on. In this way, pregnancy is prevented even if condoms or other methods are not used during sexual intercourse.
The spiral is most often inserted in the process after the end of menstruation. The fact that the cervix is wider than usual after menstruation makes it easy for the operation to take place. However, every woman who has a negative pregnancy test (not pregnant) can contact her doctor for an operation. Spiral (intrauterine device) is not recommended for those with heart valve problems, those with excessive menstrual bleeding or pain, those with congenital or acquired uterine congenital problems, and those with suspected cancer.
Which Department Deals with Spiral (Intrauterine Device) Insertion and Removal?
Spiral (intrauterine device) insertion and removal operation is applied to the inside of the female genitalia. Gynecologists in medicine specialize in the reproductive system, mainly the ovaries, vagina, uterus, vulva and fallopian tubes. Therefore, it is necessary to contact the gynecologist for the operation. The obstetrics and gynecology specialist can successfully both insert and remove the spiral. After the operation, an examination is performed at certain intervals, usually every year.
The spiral is characterized as a foreign body after it is inserted into the body. For this reason, the uterus reacts and reacts in an inflammatory manner. With inflammation, the involvement of the uterine wall is prevented, the state of pregnancy does not occur. The duration of decontamination varies from 5 to 10 years, including the patient's condition, especially the brand of the spiral and the substance from which it is made. If the spiral needs to be changed, the gynecologist can perform the right intervention just in time.
What is a Spiral (Intrauterine Device) Insertion and Removal Operation?
Spiral (intrauterine device) insertion and removal operation is a method that can also be applied after childbirth or abortion and is extremely successful in preventing pregnancy. Nursing mothers can apply for the procedure 40 days after the birth. In order for the operation to be performed, there should be no wound in the cervix or infection in the vaijna area. In addition, due to the fact that the spiral is made of copper, only the hormonal spiral can be worn by those who are allergic to copper.
The hormonal spiral prevents the embryo from clinging to the uterus with the hormone it releases when it is placed in the uterus. The hormonal spiral reduces menstrual pains and can also be used to treat uterine fibroids. The spiral shows its effectiveness as soon as it is inserted, no matter what type it is, and it can be re-pregnant when it is removed. This property, which it possesses, makes it one of the ideal methods of contraception.
How is the Spiral (Intrauterine Device) Insertion and Removal Operation Performed?
It is generally not necessary to apply general anesthesia to the patient for the spiral (intrauterine device) insertion and removal operation. The process is so easy that it can be completed in just a few minutes. The sensations felt in the vaginal area are mostly tolerable by the patient. However, anesthesia can also be applied depending on the reasons such as the patient's pain threshold is extremely low, sensitivity or anxiety level is high.
During the operation, the cervix and vaginal canal are seen by the doctor with the help of a tool called speculm. The spiral (intrauterine device) is conveniently inserted into the uterus, after which it is removed from the box in a sterile manner. In the end zone of the spiral, threads are located, which are shortened by the attending doctor, and thanks to this, the procedure is completed.
Spiral (Intrauterine Device) Insertion and Removal Operation
Before the spiral insertion and removal operation, the doctor primarily conducts a pregnancy test. If pregnancy is present, the spiral cannot be inserted. After the intrauterine device is inserted, it is also quite easy to remove and is completed painlessly. The rope of the spiral is held and pulled by the doctor through the instrument. Thanks to this, a spiral is removed from the uterus. In some cases, the rope may not be visible. The doctor, in this case, is forced to remove it by applying anesthesia.
The rate of conception of a woman using a spiral is 2 percent. If there is an unwanted pregnancy while the spiral is inserted, the pregnancy can be terminated when the spiral is removed. If the pregnancy is desired to continue, it is also possible to remove it without damaging the embryo. Nevertheless, the threat of miscarriage may occur, as well as the risk of premature birth. If it is noticeable after the pregnancy has progressed, the spiral is not removed to avoid harming the baby. Although this condition poses a risk of infection, its removal is a greater risk factor.
What are the Advantages of the Spiral (Intrauterine Device) Insertion and Removal Operation?
The advantages of spiral (intrauterine device) insertion and removal operations include preventing unwanted pregnancies. A high success rate is achieved without the need for methods such as birth control pills or condoms. Even if fertilization occurs, the egg cannot hold on to the uterus. The spiral is extremely reliable and easily applied. As soon as it is removed, you can get pregnant. This circumstance provides practicality and can be changed at any time depending on the woman's decision.
Insertion or removal of an intrauterine device is economical. It does not require large sums. Depending on the patient's condition, one of its two types can be used, which greatly advantages over allergies. Menstrual pains and the amount of bleeding also decrease after the operation.
The Process After the Spiral (Intrauterine Device) Insertion and Removal Operation
Intrauterine device insertion and removal operation in general, is completed painlessly. Therefore, the patient is awake during the procedure and does not feel pain after it. It is important to pay attention to hygiene conditions in order to prevent infection. However, during the first few months, it is necessary to refrain from lifting heavy loads, coughing or pushing violently. After inserting the intrauterine device, there is no need to use antibiotics, but the final decision is made by the attending doctor.
After removing the intrauterine device, sexual intercourse should be avoided for several weeks to avoid sensitivity depending on the patient's condition. You should be examined to a gynecologist at least once a year. In this way, information about the state of the spiral is obtained and intervention is applied if necessary.