General surgery includes a variety of surgical procedures used to treat a variety of diseases and conditions. These include procedures such as appendicitis, gallbladder diseases, intestinal obstructions, stomach and intestinal tumors, skin cancers, thyroid diseases, breast cancer, repair of injuries and treatment of surgical wounds.

General surgeons evaluate patients' medical histories, perform physical examinations, perform laboratory tests and imaging studies to make a diagnosis, and plan appropriate surgical interventions. Surgical interventions can be performed by open surgery or minimally invasive methods (laparoscopic surgery).

General surgery specializes in surgical techniques as well as postoperative care and recovery processes. These specialists monitor patients' recovery from surgery, manage complications, and provide rehabilitation and other support services if necessary.

General surgeons can work in many different healthcare institutions, working in emergency rooms, operating rooms and clinical environments in hospitals. Work areas are generally led by general surgeons who have received surgical training and continue to practice surgery.